Vipassana means “Seeing things in the world in its true form”, But for the word “world” Buddhism has given a more deep definition that is.
The world is not just the physical objects around us, but how we see and feel and the intentions, we have on them.
And vipassana is seeing or identifying things in the mind, not only making judgments just after sensing them.
See below examples.
When you travel in a train, we see that objects beside the railway track move backward, but our mind knows that the train is moving forward, so the things we see through our eyes can lie, but when we see it from our mind, we can understand the pure form.
And in the morning we see the sunrise from the east and in the evening the sunsets from the west.We believe and use to say like that, But we all know that the sun is not the moving object but the earth.
Not only the eye, but our other sensors also make distractions because we have less experience and the limitation of our knowledge.
Vipassana makes that knowledge more deep and truthful.
Understanding your mind before vipassana
We have five sensors which sense things in the world. Each sensor has the distinctive ability to detect a unique set of signals.
- Eye – Sense of sight
- Nose – Sense of smell
- Tongue – the sense of taste
- Ear – Sense of sound
- Skin – the sense of touch
Although we have sensors in the body, if it isn’t functioning, we can’t take the sense of that sensor.
Like all the above sensors, the most potent sensor is the mind, sense of mind makes how we see things not what we see.
Every satisfaction and dissatisfaction is how we see things in our mind.
That’s why we can imagine things without even seeing it, or we can mentally feel satisfied with some food which we do not have on our hand or near.
So the mind is more powerful than any other sensors mentioned above.
Aggregates of mind
Because of these senses, the mind builds five aggregates after sensing through sensors according to the buddha.
- Rupa – Physical body/form
- Vedana – Feeling/sensations
- Sagna – Perception/identification/recognition
- Sankara – Intentions or all mental depositions
- Vinyana – Consciousness
From each sight, taste, smell, touch, we can make these five aggregates in our mind within a few seconds.
Within a moment there can be many aggregates come and go to your mind.
When our sensors capture a body or form (Rupa), sensors don’t capture types alone it works with the mind, because making an image or a model in our mind is a co-work of the body+sensor+mind.
When these images are captured we are making good or bad feelings/sensations(Vedana) about that object in our mind.
Then we create an exact identification method of that object in our mind so that identification helps us to identify the same purpose again and again that identification/recognition is (Sanya)
But when we see it again according to the feelings we have made previously we have intentions or mental depositions that makes the like and dislike point of view on that thing.
We like to see memories with bad intentions again and again but reject to see things which have made bad intentions, those mental depositions or intentions are (Sankara).
When this all happens, we make a knowledge(Vinyana) about any object in our mind.
This is normal for human beings who have not improved their mind, and there is no specific order to make this happen. Thousands of aggregates build and vanish in our minds within seconds.
These feelings, knowledge and intentions to our mind. Make attractions and conflicts taking our happiness and mind peace away.
- We are attracted to things which appeal to us.
- We make mental conflicts with things which are disgusting.
- We confuse when feelings for something are neutral.
These attractions, conflicts and confusions make carving attachments (tanha, upadana) in our mind.
But we can live without craving attachments if we can see things with intelligence and wisdom. We have to have an understanding of the impermanent nature of those attachments.
Understanding the impermanent nature.
Everything born will be sick, grow old, die and will be mixed with soil someday, same with the buildings and other things we build one day these all turn into dust and ash.
And feelings and sensations come to our mind that is frequently changing. Everything in the physical world changes, our body, hair, teeth and the wealth and prestige we have collected, takes only seconds to change.
Understanding hindrances for vipassana
Meditation is used to suppress hindrances to enter into wisdom, try to figure out what hindrances you have from below.
- Sensory Desire: The desire to gratify the five senses by sight, sound, smell, taste, touch and the mind by the thoughts of those sensory pleasure and by various ideas.
- Ill-will: All kinds of thoughts related to anger, feelings of hostility, hatred, resentment and bitterness.
- Sloth torpor: Sleepiness and dullness in mind with discourages and mediators.
- Restlessness-worry: Regretting and delighting in the memories and dreaming about the future without living in the present moment.
- Doubt: Lack of conviction or trust.
When you suppress hindrances and get wisdom, it’s easy to understand the impermanent nature of everything.
Understanding the impermanent nature is the first step of vipassana.
Only seeing the impermanent nature is not enough; identifying the bridge between this nature and the stress and the pain in the existence of the human mind is essential.
stress and the pain in existence
Pain, stress, dissatisfaction, sadness all happens when we expect too much, expecting and keeping hope on physical objects is human nature.
This happens not only because of the impermanent nature, but the craving you have on the impermanent objects.
When you understand that the craving makes your pain and stress and not to build attachments, you will never feel stressed or pain.
Wisdom through meditation to kill stress and the pan in existence.
Now we know that the craving attachments to impermanent objects makes stress and pain in existence and we need to create wisdom and have to identify or see the exact form of the world to live without anxiety and stress.
To make that wisdom, we have to look into our inside profoundly, but to look inside, you have to focus on what is inside.
Understanding the impermanent nature is.
There is nothing called mine, I or nothing belongs to me everything changes craving never makes you happy, that is the universal truth you have to understand.